The Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers (CAPP) is Canada’s largest and most powerful oil and gas industry association. Its members produce 80 per cent of Canada’s natural gas and crude oil.1 CAPP consolidates industry expertise and defines and advances the interests of the oil and gas sector in Canada.
Funded by Canada’s largest oil sands companies, Canada’s Oil Sands Innovation Alliance (COSIA) operates as a networking and funding hub for academics, oil sands producers and government intent on researching methods to lessen the ecological impacts of oil sands development. Described by one pundit as “crowdsourced problem solving for the oilsands,2 it currently funds 308 active projects, totalling $545 million.3 COSIA, Project Portfolio 2017: Improving Environmental Performance through Open Innovation, https://www.cosia.ca/sites/default/files/attachments/2017-COSIA-Project-Portfolio.pdf.
The Fraser Institute is a right-wing free-market think tank based in Vancouver, with offices in Calgary, Toronto and Montréal. In pursuing its mission to “improve the quality of life for Canadians,” 4 the Institute advocates for neoliberal economic policies through its in-house research and media commentary activities. Its materials are authored by academic researchers across North America, on topics ranging from state–Indigenous relations to conservative economics.
ARC is a Canadian oil and gas corporation, with its largest assets focused on hydraulic fracturing (“fracking”) in the Montney play of British Columbia (BC) and extracting conventional crude oil in the Pembina Cardium region of Alberta.
The Rebel Media is a web-based media organization and promoter of far-right extremism in Canada and internationally, and an avid supporter of a fossil-fuel-based economy.
Canada Action is a populist pro-oil advocacy organization that promotes fossil fuel production as a matter of national interest and frequently attacks the environmental movement.